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Network Layer – Icmp (Internet Control Message Protocol)? The 6 Correct Answer

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The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is a protocol that devices within a network use to communicate problems with data transmission. In this ICMP definition, one of the primary ways in which ICMP is used is to determine if data is getting to its destination and at the right time.Therefore, in the topic on TCP/IP-based layered network, ICMP is shown as a layer 3 protocol. ICMP is probably most well known as the message protocol used for the ping command. A ping command sends an ICMP echo request to the target host.ICMP is a network-layer protocol. There is no TCP or UDP port number associated with ICMP packets as these numbers are associated with the transport layer above.


46. #icmp ICMPv4- Internet Control Message Protocol – Network Layer Protocols

46. #icmp ICMPv4- Internet Control Message Protocol – Network Layer Protocols
46. #icmp ICMPv4- Internet Control Message Protocol – Network Layer Protocols

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46. #Icmp Icmpv4- Internet Control Message Protocol - Network Layer Protocols
46. #Icmp Icmpv4- Internet Control Message Protocol – Network Layer Protocols

In the previous article, we took a detailed look at three important network layer protocols namely RARP, BOOTP and DHCP. Now is the time to examine the next important protocol, ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol). IP proves unreliable and connectionless datagram delivery and efficient use of network resources. The IP protocol is a best-effort delivery service (without service guarantees) that delivers a datagram from its original source to its final destination. However, it has two major drawbacks, the lack of error control and the lack of a help mechanism. First, let’s conser some cases: 1. What happens when a router has to drop a datagram because it cannot find a router to reach the final destination or because the time-to-live field is empty. 2. What happens when the final destination host has to discard all fragments of a datagram because it has not received all fragments within a predetermined time limit. These are examples of situations where an error occurs and the network layer IP protocol has no built-in mechanism to notify the originating host. The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is used to overcome these shortcomings. It works with IP. It reports the existence of errors and sends control messages on behalf of IP. ICMP does not attempt to make IP a reliable protocol. It’s essentially an attempt to report bugs and in some cases prove feedback. ICMP messages are transmitted as IP packets and are therefore unreliable. ICMP is a network layer protocol. In other words, we can say that ICMP is a companion to the IP protocol. ICMP works at the network layer, but its messages are not forwarded directly to the data link layer. Instead, messages are first encapsulated in IP datagrams and then sent to lower layers.

Message Format in ICMP 

ICMP messages basically have an 8-byte header and a variable-sized data segment. Although the general format of the header for each message type is very different, the first 4 bytes are the same for all messages. As shown, the first field, ICMP Type, defines the type of message.

Types of messages in ICMP 

There are two types of ICMP messages: Error messages. query message.

Error reporting messages in ICMP

error messages are always sent to the original source, because the only information available about the route in the datagram is the source and destination IP addresses. ICMP uses the source IP address to send error messages to the source (originator) of the datagram. Five types of errors are handled: Destination Unreachable: When a router cannot forward or deliver an IP packet, it sends an ICMP Destination Unreachable message to the source of the packet, telling the original source that congestion has occurred and asking them to lower their current packet transmission Rate. It tells the source packet has been dropped. Timeout: When a router receives a packet with a TTL (time to live) field of “0”, it discards the datagram and sends a timeout message back to the source that sent the packet. Parameter Problems Any ambiguity in the header portion of a datagram can cause serious problems when datagrams are transmitted over the Internet. If a router or destination host finds an ambiguous or missing value in a field of a datagram, it discards the datagram and sends a parameter problem message back to the source. Redirection: Routers and hosts must have routing tables to find the nearest router address, and routing tables must be constantly updated automatically. Redirect messages are used for such updates. ICMP sends redirect messages back to its host to perform automatic periodic updates. ICMP is designed to support IP. But ICMP does not correct errors. It just reports them and leaves error correction to a higher level log.

Query in ICMP 

In addition to error reporting, ICMP can also diagnose some network problems. This can be achieved by querying messages, a set of four distinct message pairs. There are four parts: Echo Request and Response: This is a pair of two messages, the Echo Request and Echo Response messages, for diagnostic purposes. This is for news. Determine if two systems (hosts or routers) can successfully communicate with each other. Timestamp request and response: This pair of messages can be used by hosts and routers to find out the round-trip time it takes for an IP datagram to travel between them. It can also be used to synchronize clock signals used in two machines (host or router). Address Mask Request and Response: The host’s IP address contains the network address, subnet address, and host ID. A host may know its full IP address, but may not know that it is dived into the three parts mentioned above. So it can send an address mask request message to the router. The router then sends back an address mask response message. Router Solicitations and Advertisements: A host wishing to send data to a host on another network needs to know the address of the router connected to its own network. In this case, Router Solicitation and Advertisement messages can help. Hosts can also broadcast or multicast router solicitation messages.

Different Types of Messages In ICMPv6

We know that IPv4 has been changed to IPv6. Likewise, ICMPv4 was modified in ICMPv6. This newly modified protocol is more suitable for IPv6. See the figure below: ICMPv6 combines the ARP and IGMP protocols in version 4. The RARP protocol has been removed from the protocol suite because it is not used very often. Similar to ICMPv4, there are two types of messages in ICMPv6: Error messages. query message. However, each category has more message types in ICMPv6 than in ICMPv4. Stay tuned for the next article on the IGMP protocol at the network layer. report this ad


What network layer is ICMP in?

Therefore, in the topic on TCP/IP-based layered network, ICMP is shown as a layer 3 protocol. ICMP is probably most well known as the message protocol used for the ping command. A ping command sends an ICMP echo request to the target host.

Is ICMP network layer or transport layer?

ICMP is a network-layer protocol. There is no TCP or UDP port number associated with ICMP packets as these numbers are associated with the transport layer above.

Is ICMP a link layer protocol?

ICMP is categorized as a layer 3 protocol in the OSI model, but as far as i can tell it does not meet the definition of a network layer protocol. It does not provide addressing or packet routing (it uses IP for this), so all it does is send information from one node to another node, like a transport protocol.

Why is ICMP a network layer protocol?

The Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) is a network layer protocol used by network devices to diagnose network communication issues. ICMP is mainly used to determine whether or not data is reaching its intended destination in a timely manner.

Which one is a layer 3 protocol?

The most significant protocol at layer 3 (also called the network layer) is the Internet Protocol, or IP. IP is the standard for routing packets across interconnected networks–hence, the name internet.

Which command uses ICMP protocol?

Traceroute. The traceroute command uses ICMP Time Exceeded messages to trace a network route.

Which two ICMP message types are used as part of a successful ping?

Ping uses two ICMP codes: 8 (echo request) and 0 (echo reply). When you issue the Ping command at the prompt, the Ping program sends out an ICMP packet containing the code 8 in the Type field.

Which of the following is a Network layer protocol of OSI model ICMP IPv4 UDP?

Hence the correct answer is IP. SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) is an application layer protocol in OSI.


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